What Is an STD?
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), also known as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), are infections that are spread by sexual contact. Some of these infections may also be spread from a pregnant woman to her baby during the pregnancy or delivery. Exposure to an STD can occur anytime a person has sex or close physical contact that involves genitals, the mouth or the rectum of another person.
- Sacramento County has the sixth highest rate of Gonorrhea in the state, and the eigth highest rate of Chlamydia in the state3.
- Sacramento County has the tenth highest rate of Syphilis in the state. Sacramento County has shown a sharp increase in Syphilis cases from 2013 to 20153.
- STDs affect both men and women, and two-thirds of all STDs occur in people younger than 254.
- About 1 in 4 teen girls gets an STD within one year of becoming sexually active5.
- Some STDs can lead to long-term serious health problems, such as pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility and cervical cancer6.
- Some STDs also increase the risk of becoming infected with HIV7.
- STDs are serious illnesses that require treatment. Some STDs, like AIDS, cannot be cured and can be deadly8.
3Source is Sexually Transmitted Diseases in California 2016 Executive Summary and Local Health Jurisdiction STD Data Summaries, CA 2017 for year of 2016
4 Web MD
5 Web MD; American Social Health Organization
This information is intended for educational purposes only and should not be considered professional medical advice. We do not perform abortion services.
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