What Is an STD?

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), also known as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), are infections that are spread by sexual contact. Some of these infections may also be spread from a pregnant woman to her baby during the pregnancy or delivery. Exposure to an STD can occur anytime a person has sex or close physical contact that involves genitals, the mouth or the rectum of another person.


The Facts

  • Sacramento County (2019) has the sixth highest rate of Gonorrhea in the state, and the sixth highest rate of Chlamydia in the state3.
  • Sacramento County has the eighth highest rate of Syphilis in the state. Sacramento County has shown a sharp increase in Syphilis cases in recent years3.
  • STDs affect both men and women, and two-thirds of all STDs occur in people younger than 254.
  • About 1 in 4 teen girls gets an STD within one year of becoming sexually active5.
  • Some STDs can lead to long-term serious health problems, such as pelvic inflammatory diseaseinfertility and cervical cancer6.
  • Some STDs also increase the risk of becoming infected with HIV7.
  • STDs are serious illnesses that require treatment. Some STDs, like AIDS, cannot be cured and can be deadly8.


Common STDs:

Genital Herpes
Genital Warts or HPV

Call Sac Valley Women’s Health in Sacramento at (916) 451-2273 (CARE) or request an appointment online for a free STD test.

3California Department of Public Health https://www.cdph.ca.gov/Programs/CID/DCDC/Pages/STD-Data.aspx
4Web MD
5Web MD; American Social Health Organization

This information is intended for educational purposes only and should not be considered professional medical advice. We do not perform abortion services.

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